Main features and description of the domestic cat

A small introductory journey to discover these small animals. As we will see in detail all the distinctive features of his character, the main characteristics of the cat analyzed little by little, so as to have a complete description of the domestic cat.

The origin of the name of the domestic cat

The domestic cat ( Felis catus Linnaeus or Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus ) is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the family of felids. The Italian name cat derives from the medieval Latin Rattus or Latin catus, from which also derives the Spanish name “gato” and French “chat”. It is usually called a cat or cat.

The domestic cat breeds

There are about fifty different breeds recognized with certification. The common and typical domestic cat is part of the European cat breed without certification or pedigree.

Cat communication

The cat is a territorial and twilight animal. It is a predator of small animals, especially rodents. To communicate, he uses various vocalizations (there are more than sixteen), purring, body positions and the production of pheromones.

It is equipped with acute intelligence, so as to understand by itself some mechanisms, such as opening door handles or other closures. It can also be tamed to answer simple instructions.

The cat is witty and selective and has incredible attention to new situations, even managing to learn from lived experiences.

The body of the cat

The cat is a carnivorous animal. His body needs taurine (a derivative of amino acids) found in meat. Cats also feed on grass, a valuable aid for their digestion.

The cat’s body temperature fluctuates between 38 and 38.5 ° C; the normal respiratory rate is 10/20 breaths per minute and the cardiac rate is 110/140 beats per minute.

His body is very agile, flexible and massive, allowing him to walk very quietly and make great leaps; his retractable (or protractile) nails allow him to climb and grasp with great agility. The skeleton is made up of 250 bones.

The coats of domestic cats are very varied and may differ depending on the breed and origin of the cat. They can be a solid color, 2-3 colors, brindle, tortoiseshell scales. The hair can be long or short as well as the tail, which can have different shapes and lengths .. Even the eyes of cats can be of various colors and also different from each other.

The cat’s vestibular system is particularly developed and gives it an excellent sense of balance. For this reason, it can turn over during a fall to land on its legs. This maneuver can often save his life.

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