Main features and description of the domestic cat Part 2

The senses of the cat

The cat is a predator and an innate hunter, so it has many senses developed. It is sensitive and can perceive frequencies that are not audible to humans.

The cat can see in a condition of very low light. He has binocular vision, like human beings, and can perceive distances. He manages to be rather attentive to the movements, but without clearly distinguishing the details of the objects.

The cat’s hearing is very fine, aided by the ability to orientate the auricles. In this way, it is able to isolate the sound source from the environmental noise and understand exactly where it comes from.

The cat has 200 million olfactory endings, many more than the dog, which has eighty to a hundred million, and the human being, who has five million. Olfactory endings are specialized in identifying food. He also has a great sensitivity (eg to nitrogen compounds) and can determine whether the food is good or bad. For this reason, the cat always inspects the food by smelling it, before eating it.

The sense of taste is also very developed in cats. Can perceive any change in the taste of water, for example. The cat perceives little sweet flavors.

The sense of touch is also well developed: his whiskers, called vibrissae, manage to make him perceive obstacles and any slightest change in air pressure. For this reason, they manage to orientate themselves in the dark without problems. The cat also has vibrissae under the legs, under the chin and eyebrows. The pads under the legs are very sensitive to vibrations and their skin is covered with extremely sensitive tactile cells.

Character and behavior of the cat

The cat is a territorial animal and defines its territory by emitting pheromones, mainly feline. It is not a uniquely solitary animal, it can also be part of dense groups of city cats.

The domestic cat is strong and very independent, sometimes opportunistic, and in turn, demands affection and respect on our part. It is certainly an excellent life companion: it is tender, affectionate, playful and loves cuddles.

If his ethological needs are respected, he also manages to be a sociable animal, capable of establishing solid bonds.

Its character varies according to age and degree of maturation, for this reason, we will see later the characteristics and the description of the various phases of the life of the domestic cat.

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